February 18, 2015, Parker, SD – A group of Turner County homeowners is suing the county commission and the owners of a proposed chicken farm in hopes of putting a stop to the $85 million development.
Opponents say the commission used a fax from the farm's owner to re-write the county's zoning ordinance at the last minute and without public input, in a way that made it possible to site the six million-hen operation less than three miles from Parker city limits. READ MORE
Air-air heat exchanger developed in the Netherlands specifically for the poultry industry.
An innovative minimum ventilation system for poultry barns is improving bird health and reducing energy costs for farmers in the process. And it comes with some environmental benefits too – lower ammonia levels and better dust control.
In 2013, Jack Van Ham and his son, Jerry, were able to secure cost-share funding from the Implementation Funding Assistance Program under Growing Forward 2 (GF2) to become the first poultry farmers in Ontario to install an air-air heat exchanger developed in the Netherlands specifically for the poultry industry.
The Van Hams are based in Oxford County, Ontario, where they have two farms with identical broiler barns built between 1999 and 2003, and grow 2.3 kg birds in an eight-week cycle.
“We knew this technology was available in the Netherlands, where farmers can recoup heat from dry manure in layer barns, and they are seeing overall savings of about 50 per cent in energy costs,” says Jack Van Ham.
The system evolved out of a European Union regulation that restricted ammonia output from poultry barns.
It uses the energy of the warm air from the barn to heat the cold, fresh air coming in from the outside, replacing the propane or natural gas farmers traditionally use to heat poultry barns, and reducing on-farm energy costs.
Warm air from the barn enters the heat exchanger, passing through tubes where the cold outside air absorbs the heat before being circulated into the barn. A computerized control system manages airflow and fan speeds, adjusting for fluctuating outside temperatures according to the season.
The bigger the differential between inside and outside temperature, the more heat the system will recoup, says Jack.
The minimum ventilation system improves the air circulation to rid barns of humidity, allowing manure to dry more quickly. This minimizes ammonia production and reduces its output into the environment from the barn by fans.
The drier inside air also means a better environment for both barn workers and the birds, with the Van Hams, for example, noticing fewer foot lesions due to better quality litter and improved overall bird health. This has meant a reduction in health-related expenses on the farm.
The Van Hams made some changes to their systems to adapt them to the Canadian environment, such as switching the electrical work to Canadian standards, and adjusting the computer software to account for Canada’s winter temperatures, which are much colder than they are in the Netherlands.
Due to its unique status of being the first of its kind in Ontario, the project qualified for additional funding under GF2’s innovation designation.
“We might not have done this project without the grant as it’s a big investment,” admits Jerry Van Ham, but adds that it has yielded a lot of environmental benefit, as well as decreasing their natural gas costs.
“The air quality is tremendous. We saved a lot on energy last winter, but the air quality for the chickens has really improved,” adds Jack, explaining that although the system has raised their electricity costs, the natural gas savings more than make up for that increase.
Industry interest in the system has been high, and the Van Hams are no longer the only farmers in Ontario using the technology.
They’ve shared what they’ve learned with poultry specialists from the University of Guelph and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (OMAFRA), as well as with fellow producers.
“This system would be especially ideal for barns with birds in them all year long, like broiler breeders, as it can be hard to get the dampness out,” says Jack.
GF2 is a federal-provincial-territorial initiative aimed at encouraging innovation, competitiveness, market development, adaptability, and industry capacity in Canada’s agri-food and agri-products sector.
Lilian Schaer is a writer for the Ontario Soil and Crop Improvement Association.
February 12, 2015, Easton, MD — The University of Maryland Extension has created a one-day workshop for new poultry farmers in Delmarva that will be held from 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m. Thursday, March 5, at the University of Maryland’s Somerset County Extension Office in Princess Anne.
The topics that will be addressed are farm management, site management and maintenance, best management practices, mortality, manure handling, litter management, windbreaks/vegetative environmental buffers, finances and record keeping, concentrated animal feeding operation regulations, nutrient management, comprehensive nutrient management plans, inspections and emergency preparedness.
A certificate of completion will be awarded to each participant.
January 26, 2015, Milford, DE – Milford poultry farmers Robert and Lisa Masten were honored recently as one of three runners-up for the 2014 Environmental Stewardship Award during Delaware Agriculture Week at the state fairgrounds in Harrington.
The honor recognized their efforts to prevent chicken waste from entering the water supply, while also improving water quality on and around their farm. READ MORE
January 26, 2015, Millsboro, DE – Millsboro poultry farmer William W. Clifton was honored recently as one of three runners-up for the 2014 Environmental Stewardship Award.
The runner-up award recognized Clifton’s efforts to reduce chicken waste from entering the water supply, while improving water quality on and around his farm. READ MORE
Some farmers buy chicken litter for their fields to avoid using commercial fertilizers. The Glasers took it one step further. They added a large turkey operation – producing approximately 600,000 birds a year – to guarantee their supply.
The Glaser family, owners of Bar G Ranch Poultry in Rogers, Texas, owns 500 acres and leases another 250. On that land, which has been in the family for three generations, they run 200 cow/calf units. They also raise turkeys for Cargill Turkey Production, LLC, in four 450-foot by 50-foot turkey houses, with each house holding 30,000 birds.
The birds are raised from one day to six weeks, and are changed out five times year. When the birds come out, front end loaders come in and remove 250 to 300 tons of litter – one of the main reasons for the turkeys.
“We built the whole system to integrate the turkey operation with the cattle operation,” says owner Darrell Glaser. “I saw right away that the litter was going to make the difference. That we could save a lot on fertilizer costs on our cattle operation, and improve our soil. It’s done so much for our organic matter and our water holding capacity of the soil. It’s turned our whole operation around.”
The transformation began 20 years ago in the mid 1990s. Darrell’s family farm wasn’t profitable and his mother Jeanette was faced with either selling or leasing the farm. Darrell, who was getting his master’s in nutrition, and his wife Shannon, who was completing her master’s degree in biochemistry, had to decide if they wanted to go back.
“Coincidentally, when I was completing my master’s degree, I took over a nutrition lab from a lady whose parents were contract-growing turkeys for Plantation Foods, and the whole idea started there,” says Darrell. “We had to figure out a way to make the family profitable. We started in research and ended up in production agriculture.”
Darrell and Sharon found a way to balance careers and farm life, and set out to turn the farm around. One of the first steps was adding turkeys to provide the much needed fertilizer.
“When I came back from college, we had a farming ranch and we were running some row crop. We converted everything over to improve pasture with different coastal Bermuda grass, some Tifton 85 coastal. We also did some cross fencing for better rotational grazing, and then utilized the litter,” says Glaser, now 47.
Since then, the Glasers have doubled their stocking rate, all due to incorporating turkey litter, which in turn improved the soil condition, fertility and water holding capacity. They make it all happen with two full-time employees, as well as Glaser team, which includes Darrell and his four sons: Trenton, 18, Trevor and Troy, who are 13, and 11-year-old Travis.
Moving the litter
When it comes time to spread, Darrell leans on a local farmer.
“He has a pretty good system,” explains Darrell. “He has three flat bottom floor trucks, and as soon as we bring the manure out of the houses, he loads it and takes it to the spots where it’s going to be put it on the farm ground.”
Luckily, the farm is located where spreading can take place year round, although it tends to take place most often in the spring and fall.
The litter that’s not spread on-farm is used by neighboring farmers. Nothing goes to waste – including the mortalities. Because the ranch is a brooder farm, raising such young turkeys, they may lose 25 to 30 birds a day. The Glasers incinerate the mortalities and the ash is added to the litter that’s spread on the pasture.
“They’re very small, so you don’t really have a lot of mortality to deal with,” says Darrell. “That’s why the incineration works the best for us.”
Controlling the cows not the turkeys
The Glasers don’t have a lot of control over the turkey operations. It’s fairly standardized and most of the management decisions are made by Cargill. That works out, because the Glasers aren’t focusing on big margins with the turkeys. Instead, the focus is on the cows where they do have control and are trying innovative things.
“We run a purebred Beefmaster operation. And we use an embryo transfer program and work to establish cows that do better on grass and are more efficient converters of feed. So, we’re working on both sides of the system,” says Darrell. “What we’ve done in our cattle operation is we’ve tried to increase the quality of our cattle through better animals that use the grass better, which in turn allows us to market those for a premium also.”
Proactive water planning
Twenty years ago, when the Glasers set out to change things around, water quality management wasn’t yet an industry standard. But the ranch was proactive and has operated under a water quality management plan since the very first day birds were placed on the farm in 1994.
“We worked with the soil conservation service on managing our litter and following guidelines to try and make sure the soil was cared for and there was no over fertilizing,” says Darrell.
And the extra effort was worth it.
“We didn’t run into a lot of problems that a lot of places had where they had been raising birds for years prior and then they started testing their soils and found out they had a tremendous excess of phosphorus in the soil, then had to stop using their litter,” he says. “Because we started managing from the beginning, we’ve been able to continuously use our litter from the very start because we’ve kept a very close eye on the phosphorous levels in the soils. And we’ve managed our application rates to our yield goals, like how many cattle per acre or how much hay we wanted to produce. And we test every year to make sure that we’re not getting an imbalance of our nutrients.”
Management practices have worked well. To date, the farm has never had an excess nutrient buildup.
One of the other things the Glasers did when they decided to increase their cattle was to build five new clay-bottom ponds, 6,000 yards each, in addition to the five Darrell’s grandfather had originally dug. Again, they worked with soil conservation folks.
“They came out, looked at the property, surveyed and said here’s where you should put your ponds and that’s what we did,” says Darrell.
The ponds provide a water source for the cattle, help handle drainage and run off and add value to the property because there is more water-holding capacity. The ponds also provide wildlife habitat and help prevent soil erosion.
Awards & education
The work they’re doing has been getting recognition. This year, the farm was one of the recipients of the USPoultry’s 2014 Family Farm Environmental Excellence Award, where farms are judged on dry litter management, nutrient management planning, community involvement, wildlife enhancement techniques, innovative nutrient management techniques and participation in education or outreach programs.
Darrell believes education is the key to the future of family. That doesn’t mean doing anything more than just speaking to people and letting people know where their food comes from.
“We always talk about agriculture. Since we began our turkey operation we’ve raised almost 14 million turkeys. When someone asks that question and you say that, they’re very intrigued and want to know how in the world do you raise 14 million turkeys. Then I tell them the brands of product that you would see that possibly would have come through our farm.
“In my opinion it’s absolutely critical to our industry that we be good stewards and also share the knowledge of what goes on in our farms in a factual manner because there’s so much out there that may not be true. They need to know that, for the most part, we take good care of the land because that’s where our livelihood comes from.”
The Glasers have lots of plans ahead – more ponds, better soil, improved cattle operation through breeding and efficiencies – and it still all hinges on the litter.
“The whole key is how we’ve integrated the turkey and cattle operations together to produce a least cost system. The turkeys benefit the cattle, in that they produce the litter, which saves us a lot of money on commercial fertilizer. Then the cattle benefit from the turkeys because the labor I use on the turkey farm also works on the cattle operation – maximizing my labor force. So it’s just a least cost system that just works really well.”
Darrell adds, “We’ve been able to do it for this number of years and are seeing continuing improvement. Some of the things we’ve put in place for years, we’re starting to see the plan come to fruition. After 20 years, we’re reaping the rewards.”
The anaerobic digester pilot plant is taking shape at Millennium Farms. Once complete, it will produce biogas from 1500 tons of poultry manure produced annually at the farm and also separate phosphorus from the nutrient stream. Photo Contributed.
Maryland is getting serious about controlling the amount of poultry-derived nutrients seeping into Chesapeake Bay, and poultry producer Millennium Farms is developing a manure processing technology that, if economical, could make a significant dent in controlling this problem.
Jason Lambertson, owner of Millennium Farms and a longtime poultry producer in the state, has partnered with a group of local businessmen and technical experts in a company called Planet Found Energy Development to build a pilot plant at the Pocomoke City area farm that will use anaerobic digestion of poultry manure to produce biogas as a fuel to generate power. The system includes nutrient separation technology to ensure that phosphorous is reduced from the byproduct stream before it has the opportunity to potentially seep into Chesapeake Bay if land applied.
Construction on the pilot project began in the spring. Completion and commissioning will likely occur in early 2015. Developers are hoping to construct the pilot plant as economically as possible with the State of Maryland contributing over $674,000 to use primarily to install and refine the nutrient recovery system. It will separate the nutrient streams from the processed manure. The funds were provided through the state’s revitalized Department of Agriculture Animal Waste Technology Fund.
Because of the impact that nutrients flowing into Chesapeake Bay are having on water quality, the state is discussing the possibility of limiting raw poultry manure application, which could limit producers to application on only 15 percent of available farmland. Should this limitation proceed, this would result in a massive shortfall of land available for poultry manure application compared to the size of the industry.
“It could get to the point where it would affect the poultry industry trying to be viable here if the farmers did not utilize the manure,” says Lambertson. “It could really harm the industry and that’s what we don’t want to happen.”
That’s why so many, including government representatives at various levels, are watching to determine the viability of the manure treatment technology being investigated at Millennium Farms. This is also what motivated Lambertson and other local investors to partner with a group of scientists with knowledge about anaerobic digestion on the Planet Found Energy Development business to build a pilot version of a potential system.
The anaerobic digestion technology being installed at the poultry farm was adapted from technology that has been common in other parts of the world for decades. However, this will be the first poultry anaerobic digester installed in Maryland with added nutrient separation.
The system starts with the farmer dumping loads of raw poultry manure into the introduction tank where the manure is mixed with water. From there, the slurry is pumped into one of two anaerobic digestion tanks. They are large, 200 cubic meter tanks in which the biogas produced from processing the poultry manure bubbles to the top before being captured and transported to an engine where it is burned as fuel to drive a generator on site. The processed material exits the tanks and flows through the nutrient recovery system where the undesirable nutrients can be stripped out and the remainder transported to a post treatment pit where it is dried. At this point, it is a usable mulch that can be spread on the fields without restriction or sold as organic fertilizer. There are two other tanks in the system. One is a buffer tank that allows system operators to better control the material being processed in the anaerobic digesters so that they work at optimum biogas production efficiency. The other is a clean water holding tank that helps to control the water flow through the closed loop system.
“We were bent on building the pilot, but with the help of the state, it is making it that much easier for us to obtain quantifiable results and show farmers that there are some open pathways to be able to generate renewable energy on site for their benefit,” says Lambertson. Monitoring and research assistance is being provided by the United States Department of Agriculture and the University of Maryland.
Even if the land application restrictions don’t come about and the system demonstrates how farms can produce fertilizer and reduce energy costs, Lambertson says, “it could be a win-win for the farmer.”
Millennium Farms was chosen as the ideal site for a pilot plant because it is a modern computerized and automated facility in an area where the land has high levels of phosphorus and it is close to Chesapeake Bay. So it is in the backyard of where the technology is needed the most. The farm produces 160,000 pullets for Tyson Foods annually, which equates to over 12 million broilers from the parent flock. In total, there are eight barns that generate about 1500 tons of manure. The manure is a mixture of wood shavings used as bedding and animal droppings. Millennium Farms also grows corn, wheat and soybean on 2000 acres, and typically their poultry manure would be land applied as an organic fertilizer and a means of disposing of it. As with other poultry farms in area, the issue is the amount of phosphorus in that raw manure and its impact on local waterways.
The Lambertson family has been producing chickens since the 1950s, but Jason built his current farm starting with four barns in 2000 and adding four barns in 2009. Although they have had adequate farmland in the past to dispose of their poultry manure, the state’s consideration of limiting field application is a concern.
Once operational, the anaerobic digestion system will produce about 520 daily kilowatts (kW) of power that will be wheeled through the local Choptank Electric Cooperative transmission system. The farm will be compensated and save money on its power costs through a net metering system. Lambertson says because the system is a pilot project, they have yet to determine if the system will be capable of providing all of the poultry farm’s power needs.
“We’ll definitely be able to make a good reduction on our energy bills on the farm,” says Lambertson. They will know how much once the project is commissioned next year.
The byproduct that is discharged from the digestion tanks can be land applied, sold as fertilizer or potentially reused as bedding.
Heat generated by the anaerobic digestion system not needed to maintain the process could also be channeled to heat the poultry barns, thus creating the possibility of the farm saving a lot of money on propane heating costs. Additionally, some of the biogas could be used as heating fuel.
These are all the factors that are yet to be determined once the Millennium Farms system becomes operational.
If proven economical, Lambertson says that there are thousands of similar poultry farms in the state or Delvarva Peninsula where the system could be installed. The dream, once this technology is proven, is for Planet Found Energy Development to build and operate systems capable of producing significantly more power. They are working with the state to consider larger systems with a number of poultry producers supplying raw material for one system. The goal is to develop a system where the farm owner will only need to replenish the system with raw poultry manure and remove the processed material to a storage area once a day.
There will be no water discharge from the system as it is described as a closed loop system where all the water used to create a raw material slurry at the front end of the digester is captured and recycled within the system, which in itself will control the amount of nutrient-rich water leaving the farm that could potentially seep into local watercourses.
As far as the nutrient separation technology, Lambertson says it can be adjusted according to the needs of a particular area. While the issue is controlling the phosphorus in Maryland, another area might have a problem with sulfur content. So the system is adjustable to local requirements.
They also want to build considerable flexibility into the system so that it will work using a variety of raw feedstock. For example, there are areas where there are no wood shavings mixed in with the manure, so it has to have the capability to be able to process, “a random mix of materials.”
It also has to have the capability of being customized in size to match the needs of individual farms, depending on how much manure the farm is generating.
The owners of Planet Found Energy Development expected extra costs to build what is essentially the prototype of their system at Millennium Farms, but Lambertson says they have already recognized many areas that can be changed in the future to streamline the system and reduce construction costs.
Should the byproduct prove useful as a reusable bedding material, this could be a substantial savings for Tyson Foods, which supplies the wood shavings bedding to its growers in that area.
The overall support being expressed for proving this technology has helped to maintain the momentum through the challenging construction phase of the pilot project.
“We have the Department of Environment, Agriculture and Energy all sitting there together, all agreeing how this could help, and it’s rare to have all three of them agreeing that something like this could help to solve some of our problems,” says Lambertson.
March 14, 2014, Finlayson, MN – Luoma Egg Ranch, an egg producer near Finlayson, Minn., was fined $95,000 by state pollution regulators for violations stemming from chicken manure spills.
Luoma failed to report and attempted to cover up the liquid manure discharges from its egg-laying operation, said the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. The company also improperly disposed of dead chickens, another violation. The $95,000 fine is one of the largest levied by the pollution agency in the past two years. READ MORE
Poultry litter’s fertilizer value runs more than $80 per ton, according to a 2011 University of Georgia survey and study about the use of poultry litter among south Georgia crop producers. READ MORE
Nov. 20, 2013 - The Egg Industry Center recently released a study that shows that while U.S. egg production has increased over the past 50 years, the industry has also been able to significantly decrease its environmental footprint.
Researchers conducted a lifecycle analysis of U.S. egg production from 1960 to 2010 to evaluate environmental performance measures for the complete lifecycle from crops to hens to the farm gate. Study findings indicate that the environmental efficiencies are the result of a wide range of factors, including the reduction of natural resource use, improved hen feed, better disease control and advancements in hen housing systems.
"The U.S. egg industry has evolved remarkably over the past five decades by incorporating new technologies to protect natural resources," said Hongwei Xin, agricultural and biosystems engineering and animal science professor at Iowa State University, director of the Egg Industry Center and the study's lead researcher. "Egg farmers have improved their production practices, allowing them to provide an affordable source of high-quality protein while using fewer resources and producing less waste."
Key results of the study found that compared to 1960:
- The egg production process releases significantly less polluting emissions, including 71 percent lower greenhouse gas emissions.
- Hens now use 32 percent less water per dozen eggs produced.
- Today's hens use a little over half the amount of feed to produce a dozen eggs.
- At the same time, today's hens produce 27 percent more eggs per day and are living longer.
- Feed efficiency plays a key role in reducing environmental impacts. Due to advancements in nutrition and bird breeding, young hens now require 48 percent less food during the rearing period than they did in 1960 and the laying hens have 42 percent better feed conversion. Using 1960 technology to produce the 2010 egg supply would have required 78 million more hens, 1.3 million more acres of corn and 1.8 million more acres of soybeans.
- Advancements in hen housing, such as improved building ventilation, temperature control, better lighting and a more secure housing environment, help to ensure that hens are protected from disease-carrying wildlife
- These techniques have been widely adopted by egg farmers across the country, leading to healthier hens with lower mortality and higher rates of egg production
- In addition, advancements in the development of preventative medicine to eliminate avian diseases have greatly improved hen health.
- Manure management has played a role in minimizing the egg industry's environmental footprint. The vast majority of manure from laying hens is recycled into crop production, providing nutrients for plants, contributing to healthy soils, saving energy and reducing commercial fertilizer use.
"The U.S. population has increased by 72 percent over the past 50 years, but efficiencies in egg production have enabled us to meet the demands of the growing population with just 18 percent more hens, while also leaving a smaller environmental footprint," said Bob Krouse, an egg farmer for Midwest Poultry Services in Indiana. "Egg farmers are now in a position to help fulfill the growing need for an affordable and nutritious source of protein in an environmentally responsible manner."
Egg farmers are dedicated to providing safe, nutritious food while maintaining the highest quality care for their hens. At the same time, farmers understand the importance of protecting the land, water and air for their communities and future generations, and they are always looking to identify ways for continued improvement. Efforts to further improve feed efficiency, hen housing facilities and manure management will facilitate even greater environmental footprint reductions in the future.
A public hearing on the projects has been scheduled for 11 a.m. Nov. 20 at the New Chester Community Center, 629 Mason St., Grand Marsh.
A building permit for the manure storage building on Neuman Lake Road was issued to a farmer near Brownsville last summer, planning and zoning director Steve Higinbotham said. On the application, it was stated the facility would be for personal use in farming operation, but more recent information has indicated the farmer also may sell manure to other farmers, Higinbotham said. READ MORE
The farmer has asked the town’s permission to build the barn, which would be 46 feet wide and 588 feet long, near the center of his 85-acre farm. He already has a contract to sell the chickens’ eggs to an organic egg processor, which has provided the design for the building. READ MORE
The 10-count lawsuit alleges that LandTech had a long-standing contract to pick up and spread all poultry manure and a newer contract to pick up, pasteurize, dry and redeliver egg shells. The Kenton company states in the lawsuit that it invested more than $700,000 in eggshell cleaning and drying equipment and expanded facilities to handle an expected increase in poultry manure. READ MORE
The state Department of Agriculture announced it had withdrawn its request to make immediate changes to rules governing where farmers may use chicken manure to fertilize their crops, two days before a scheduled legislative hearing on the proposal. READ MORE
James L. Glancey, a professor in the university’s Bioresources Engineering and Mechanical Engineering departments, said that a multistate study, based on thousands of manure tests, found that actual nitrogen levels in poultry house manure are 55 percent lower than the Environmental Protection Agency’s decades-old, lab-based standards. READ MORE
November 8, 2012, Wilmington, DE — The Delmarva peninsula’s poultry industry is up and running after emerging from Superstorm Sandy relatively unscathed.
The Delaware Department of Agriculture said there was no significant flooding or poultry house damage, and that chicken farmers are generally in good shape. Feed trucks are back on the road, and poultry processing plants have resumed operations. READ MORE
October 23, 2012, Erie, KS – Kansas Farm Bureau is sponsoring a special southeast Kansas producer meeting concerning nutrient management for poultry litter on Oct. 26 at the Neosho County Courthouse in Erie, KS. The meeting will begin at 8 a.m. and will include officials from the Natural Resources Conservation Service and the Kansas Department of Agriculture’s Division of Conservation.
The agenda includes information on cost-share programs, proper utilization of poultry litter for fertilizer, technical assistance and addressing nutrient levels in priority surface waters. Speakers will include local landowners, Kansas State University extension personnel, Natural Resources Conservation Service personnel and more. READ MORE
August 27, 2012, Charleston, WV – An international poultry breeding company said it wants to ban litter-based fertilizers around its West Virginia farms because it can allegedly spread disease that may harm birds and people.
June 22, 2012, Willows, CA – County approval of a proposed chicken manure composting facility near Artois, CA, is on hold for at least 90 days while issues are studied.
Applicant Scott Cooper, president of Jack Spence, Inc., asked to scale back his processing permit from up to 50,000 tons of manure a year to 10,000 following the hearing.
Cooper is seeking a conditional use permit to put in a composting facility for poultry litter. The goal is to use poultry litter that consists of 50 percent chicken manure and 50 percent bedding material such as rice hulls, straw or sawdust, county planning officials said. READ MORE
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Next Generation Manure Management Practices WebinarFri Dec 15, 2017 @ 2:30PM - 03:30PM
South Dakota Pork CongressWed Jan 10, 2018 @ 8:00AM - 05:00PM
Minnesota Pork CongressTue Jan 16, 2018 @ 8:00AM - 05:00PM
Value of Biogas WestTue Jan 16, 2018 @ 8:00AM - 05:00PM
Professional Nutrient Applicators Association of Wisconsin Annual MeetingThu Jan 18, 2018 @ 8:00AM - 05:00PM
Iowa Pork CongressWed Jan 24, 2018 @ 8:00AM - 05:00PM